A new quantum device generates single photons and encodes information

A quantum photon encoder

engineered WSe strain2/nips3 Heterostructures host QFs that exhibit sharp, localized PL peaks with a strong degree of spontaneous circular polarization. a,BVisual (a) and b (B) WSe images2/nips3 heterostructure. The part of WSe2 Monolayer does not overlap with NiPS3 It emits bright PL (region R1), while PL is quenched at WSe2 NiPS is coupled3 (Area R2). Strong PL was restored by the indentations marked with the white square. ca schematic diagram of the sample structure, an atomic force microscopy topography image, and a representative indentation cross-section (inset). DrFactor σ+-solve (blue) f σ–resolved PL spectra (red) of various individual nanospheres acquired under linearly polarized laser excitation at 4 K. Although the peaks marked in a and b are σ+ polarized with DCP values ​​of 0.36 and 0.89, the peaks marked in c–f are σ polarizers with DCP values ​​of -0.40, -0.29, -0.33, and -0.37, respectively. Some of the local emission peaks superimpose a broad PL background that displays little polarization, indicating that the DCP of the local emission peaks could be higher if the broad PL background is subtracted. credit: nature materials (2023). doi: 10.1038/s41563-023-01645-7

A new approach to quantum light emitters generates a stream of circularly polarized single photons, or particles of light, which could be useful for a range of quantum information and communication applications. A team from Los Alamos National Laboratory stacked two different atomically thin materials to achieve this chiral quantum light source.

“Our research shows that it is possible for a monolayer semiconductor to emit circularly polarized light without the aid of an external magnetic field,” said Han Hutun, a scientist at Los Alamos National Laboratory.

“This effect has only been previously achieved through high magnetic fields created by oversized superconducting magnets, by coupling quantum emitters to highly complex photonic nanostructures or by injecting spin-polarized carriers into quantum emitters. The proximity effect approach has a special We have the advantage of low impact manufacturing cost and reliability.”

The polarization state is a way to encode a photon, so this achievement is an important step in the direction of quantum cryptography or quantum communication.

“With a source to generate a stream of single photons and also introduce polarization, we’ve basically combined two devices into one,” Hutton said.

Indentation Key photoluminescence

As described in nature materialsThe research team at the Center for Integrated Nanotechnology stacked a single-molecule thick layer of tungsten diselenide semiconductor on a thicker layer of magnetic nickel-phosphorus trisulfide semiconductor. Postdoctoral research associate Xiangzi Li used atomic force microscopy to create a series of nanometer-scale indentations on a thin stack of material.

These indentations are about 400 nanometers in diameter, so more than 200 of these indentations the width of a human hair can easily be made.

The indentations created by the atomic microscopy instrument have proven useful for two effects when the laser is focused on the material stack. First, the indentation forms a well, or depression, in the potential energy landscape. The electrons of the diselenide tungsten monolayer are located in the depression. This stimulates the emission of a stream of single photons from the well.

The nano-serration also disrupts the typical magnetic properties of a nickel-phosphorus trisulfide crystal, creating a local magnetic moment that points outward from the material. This magnetic moment circularly polarizes the emitted photons.

To provide experimental confirmation of this mechanism, the team first conducted high-magnetic field optical spectroscopy experiments in collaboration with the National High Magnetic Field Laboratory’s National Pulse Field Facility in Los Alamos. The team then measured the precise magnetic field of local magnetic moments in collaboration with the University of Basel in Switzerland.

The experiments demonstrated that the team had successfully demonstrated a new method for controlling the polarization state of a single photon stream.

Quantum information coding

The team is currently exploring ways to modify the degree of circular polarization of single photons using electrical or microwave stimuli. This ability would provide a way to encode quantum information into a photon stream.

Coupling the photon stream into waveguides—microscopic channels of light—providing photonic circuits that allow photons to propagate in one direction. Such circuits will be the building blocks of a super-secure quantum internet.

more information:
Xiangzhi Li et al, Proximity-induced chiral quantum light generation in strain-engineered WSe2/nips3 heterostructures, nature materials (2023). doi: 10.1038/s41563-023-01645-7

Provided by Los Alamos National Laboratory

the quote: New quantum device that generates individual photons and encodes information (2023, August 24) Retrieved August 24, 2023 from

This document is subject to copyright. Aside from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without written permission. The content is provided for informational purposes only.

Source link

Related Articles

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Back to top button