Calls for general strikes and civil disobedience intensify protest policy in Israel

Occupied Jerusalem Widespread demonstrations in Israeli towns demand a swap deal with the Islamic Resistance (agitationThe return of Israeli detainees sends a warning that social rifts are deepening, political and partisan polarization and the circle of religious extremism are widening as it calls for the overthrow of the government. Benjamin Netanyahuand heading for early elections For Parliament.

These protests, which have spread to various areas and include large sections of Israeli society, come at a time when nine months have passed since the start of the Gaza war and when there is talk of progress in negotiations that will lead to a final exchange agreement and a ceasefire.

Contrary to the usual practice of holding demonstrations only on weekends, the “Freedom in Our Country” crew announced that the protests would escalate and continue throughout the week in order to put pressure on the Netanyahu government and threaten civil disobedience if no agreement is reached guaranteeing the return of detainees.

They also raised demands for the overthrow of the government, the setting of a date for immediate elections and the return of the mandate to the public, as these demands were considered a transformation of the movement on the Israeli scene, both at the public and political level, as well as other demands related to the restoration of sovereignty and security in the “Gaza Strip” and the Upper Galilee, as well as the return of evacuated residents.

Deliberate escalation

Adam Kleer, spokesman for the Peace Now group, said that the expanding protests and demonstrations in Israel put pressure on the Netanyahu government to accept the swap deal and repatriate the detainees, in addition to the Israeli campaign that has had an impact on the Israeli political and party arena, which has insisted on holding early elections despite the war.

Responding to Al Jazeera’s questions about the size and breadth of these demonstrations and the extent to which they affect Netanyahu and his government, Clare explained that the protests are occurring almost daily and are expanding to include large sections of Israeli society. The demand is now for an end to the war and the overthrow of the Netanyahu government, which is still planning, evading, and insisting on fighting, and that the end of the fighting means the disintegration of the ruling coalition.

He noted that the movement and the expansion of demonstrations send a message to the Netanyahu government that after nine months of fighting, the failure to achieve the declared war goals and the inability to fight to return the 120 detainees, Israeli society demands change.

Kleer, an activist in a protest group calling for an end to the war, believes the mass momentum generated by the demonstrations sets up a new stage that could constitute civil disobedience, especially given the growing calls by Israel's main trade union Histadrut to declare a general strike over the labor market and the economy, a powerful blow to Netanyahu's government.

The spokesman stressed that the protests are not limited to the demand for the return of detainees, which the Israelis agreed to, but also for an end to the war, noting that the demonstrations now have the support of more politicians and participation has increased, as their goal is to completely paralyze the country, save it from the far-right government, return power to the people and hold immediate elections.

Demonstrators are calling for the dismissal of the government and early elections (Getty)

A government in crisis

As protest demands rise, Haaretz political affairs correspondent Michael Hauser-Tov believes Netanyahu will continue to maneuver, expelling the exchange agreement and dealing with the crisis of the detainee files, noting that sending them back would mean there would be no reason to continue fighting, which would lead to… the dissolution of the government.

Political affairs correspondent explains that many politicians, including leaders… LikudHe doubted Netanyahu’s ability to implement the currently proposed swap deal and attributed it to pressure exerted by the two ministers. Bezalej Smotrich andItamar Ben GvirOppose implementation of a large, comprehensive agreement and threaten to dissolve the government.

He noted that Likud finds it difficult for Netanyahu to take a position contrary to Samotrich and Ben Gvir without dissolving the government coalition, and said he has “not yet asked them about the seriousness of their threats,” in part because the negotiations between Israel and Hamas, which will continue in the coming days, have not yet been exhausted.

He estimated that as the mass movement expanded, a faction would emerge. Ultra-Orthodox movement The alliances represented are:SARS Movement The United Torah Judaism Party would support the exchange agreement if all parties agree to the terms of the deal.

Political affairs correspondents said that the proposal adopted by the Unity Party and the ruling Likud party reflects the same position of the parties in the opposition camp, which announced its support for the government to reach an agreement with foreign countries to guarantee the return of abductees and set a consensus date for parliamentary elections.

Internal Challenges

Against the backdrop of all these changes, attorney Uriel Lin believes that the challenges facing Israelis and the internal social crisis brought about by the war are no longer games and political maneuvers, but reflect the future of Israeli society. He said: “The entire State of Israel is in danger.”

Lin, former president of the Tel Aviv Chamber of Commerce, explained that the demonstrations also took place against the backdrop of a number of fundamental issues, the most prominent of which is perhaps the sharing of social burdens and calls for a law on compulsory military service for Orthodox Jews, which were added to the files of detainees and put at risk the future of Netanyahu's government.

Noting that Netanyahu is seeking to pass a law exempting the Orthodox from military service, especially in light of the war situation and the fact that dozens of servicemen are still held captive by Hamas, he confirmed that his personal political interests dictate his approach and decisions in order to ensure the stability of the government coalition and not its collapse.

Lin noted that the protests could go in different directions, possibly reaching the point of civil disobedience, especially because… Many requirements Under its banner, it has come to reflect Israeli society’s concerns about the country’s future under the control of the far-right over the government.

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