How will the Biden administration make China a “no-show” at the NATO summit? | Policy

Washington – “No one on the European continent thought that one day Washington would pay the price. NATO Its circle of interests includes the risk of China. The official name of the alliance is enough to indicate its true identity and geographical scope. Although Americans do not consider Russia to be an existential threat to their global technological and economic leadership, they also consider China to be so. They want us to support their efforts to contain China, which is a very complicated task for Europeans.

After this statement was made, a European commentator who has participated in many NATO summit-related activities in Washington responded to Al Jazeera and commented on the invitation of Japan and South Korea to participate in the summit activities.

In the same context, Michael Carpenter, the National Security Council’s director for Europe, confirmed the existence of more partners that are of great value to NATO, “We will seek to expand NATO and include other partners in the future,” describing NATO’s partners in the Pacific and Indian Ocean regions as “extremely important.”

Beijing, for its part, has issued stern warnings, saying NATO expansion and NATO violations of its borders are the real source of risks threatening global peace and stability.

Shanghai Summit

A few days before the NATO summit, leaders of ten countries held a so-called summit Shanghai Cooperation Organization “It is not a coincidence that the SCO meeting is held a week before the alliance summit, but perhaps it is a coincidence because it is on the Fourth of July, the US Independence Day,” said the European expert, who requested anonymity.

The Chinese President said during the summit Xi Jinping SCO member states should strengthen unity, jointly oppose external interference and warn against “Western Cold War mentality.”

Despite the Russian President's request Vladimir Putin The “new inseparable architecture of cooperation, security and development in Eurasia” is intended to replace the old Eurocentric and Euro-Atlantic models, which only brought unilateral advantages to certain countries.

Although they did not name the United States, Russian and Chinese leaders were intent on attacking the U.S. position of controlling the direction of NATO.

It is worth noting that the membership of the Shanghai Organization has expanded from the original five member states of China, Russia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan to India, Iran, Pakistan and Uzbekistan, which joined last week… Belarus As the tenth member, there are 16 other partners and observers.

Washington believes that it would be a mistake to ignore the intentions behind the Shanghai Cooperation Organization's ambition to balance NATO, which is also part of the main goal of the leaders of China and Russia, namely to replace the current global order established by Washington with another new alternative system that serves their interests.

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NATO faces challenges since Russia launched war on Ukraine in 2022 (Shutterstock)

Looking to Asia

Historically, NATO's geographic scope has been focused primarily on the European continent, with some exceptions resulting from the U.S. invasions of Afghanistan and Iraq.

A year ago, NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg The trip, which included unique visits to Japan and South Korea, is aimed at developing relations with Washington's most important and powerful ally in East Asia, an approach that is consistent with steps taken by US President Joe Biden since he came to power to achieve the goal of militarily encircling China within its regional framework by establishing multiple, overlapping military alliances.

Some analysts believe NATO is working to build closer ties with like-minded nations, and that Japan and South Korea are well aware of the similarities between Russia’s invasion of Ukraine and growing concerns in the Indo-Pacific region about a similar conflict if China decided to attack Taiwan.

So after Russia's war on Ukraine In February 2022, Tokyo and Seoul began sending additional non-military equipment to Kyiv, such as medical supplies, armor, helmets, generators and communications equipment, but fell short of providing the weapons, such as tanks, artillery or missile systems, that Ukraine needs to repel a Russian attack.

Sun Yun, an expert on Sino-US relations at the Stimson Center in Washington, believes that South Korea and Japan, like Australia and New Zealand, are NATO's partners in the Indo-Pacific region, so it is not surprising that they were invited. This is not their first time to attend the summit.

Sun told Al Jazeera that the Chinese have always viewed the continuation of NATO as a US plot to expand into East Asia and confront China, and that Washington’s allies Japan and South Korea are the frontline supporters of this policy.

Pressure on Europe

Washington stressed that the Ukrainian crisis is not a European crisis, but a global crisis and a challenge to the rules-based order. That is why Washington is pressuring NATO members to review their relations with China, reduce its supply of advanced technology and participate in US efforts to maintain security in South and East Asia. NATO previously adopted a strategic document during the 2022 Madrid Summit, describing China as a “systemic challenge to Euro-Atlantic security.”

The US pressure on Europe raises a fundamental question to which Washington has yet to give a clear answer, which concerns the nature of the security role that Europe must play in the Indo-Pacific, since Europe’s first priority is to ensure its security in the face of Russian threats, beyond constraining its limited military means and capabilities.

In turn, Matthew Whalen, CEO of the American Security Project, a research center focusing on military affairs, told Al Jazeera, commenting on Japan and South Korea's participation in the Washington summit, that the two countries are fully aware of the dangers of the growing military relations between China, North Korea and Russia.

He added that at the same time, there is a growing awareness in Europe that it is in the continent's interest to understand the challenges and that China's rise can help change the balance of power in East Asia and Europe.

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