World

SCO outlines its goals — RT World News

The Shanghai Cooperation Organization issued a joint statement after a summit in Astana.

Leaders of the 10 member states of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization signed dozens of security and trade agreements during their summit in Astana, the capital of Kazakhstan.

Thursday's meeting saw Belarus join the organization, which already includes China, India, Iran, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Pakistan, Russia, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan – a combination that sets the core of the SCO in Central Asia.

Following the summit in Kazakhstan, the SCO issued a final statement updating its position on global governance and environmental issues.

Multipolarity

Members of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization have “Convergent or simultaneous assessments” Regional and international issues, and the pursuit of establishing “A new international order that is democratic, just, political and economic.” As the document says.

This transformation faces resistance in the form of “Increasing use of force, systematic violation of international law, geopolitical confrontation, and conflicts” She added that these measures pose risks to the members of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization.

No interference

The leaders of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization pledged that their governments would not participate in “Any decision aimed at interference” in the internal affairs of other states or those which “Contrary to international law.”

As an example of improper conduct, the Declaration refers to interference under the guise of protecting human rights. Member States consider these rights to be universal, indivisible and interdependent, and believe that sovereign states have a responsibility to defend them within their jurisdictions.

Security is indivisible

The United Nations must remain the primary international forum for coordinating relations between states. To do this effectively, reform is essential. “To ensure representation of developing countries” “As the statement says.”

While the SCO is focused on Asia, its members' approach to building non-confrontational relationships “It can serve as the basis for creating an architecture of equal and indivisible security in Eurasia.”

Factors of instability

The SCO leaders identified several factors behind global instability, including attempts by some countries to develop global anti-ballistic missile systems. This equates to “Creating security for themselves at the expense of the security of other countries” The announcement states the following:

The document supports international agreements on the reduction and control of weapons of mass destruction. It adds that the world needs better monitoring and enforcement mechanisms that are legally binding on all signatory states to the agreements in order to keep nuclear, chemical and biological weapons under control.

The Shanghai Cooperation Organization also expresses its commitment to the peaceful use of outer space, which “It must remain free of weapons of any kind.” As the document says.

Terrorism

The Astana Declaration refers to terrorism as one of the most important global problems. The SCO members consider it unacceptable to use “Terrorist, separatist and extremist groups to achieve selfish goals” He urged all countries to avoid double standards in combating terrorism.

“Terrorism cannot be justified in any way. The entire international community must unequivocally condemn any support or harbouring of terrorists.” The document says: Such countries should be: “Isolated and exposed.”

The Shanghai Cooperation Organization urges measures to suppress extremist messages online and curb ideologies promoting terrorism. “Religious intolerance, xenophobia, aggressive nationalism, and ethnic and racial discrimination.”

The declaration refers to the conflict in Gaza, and deplores the heavy loss of civilian life resulting from hostilities between Israel and Palestinian armed groups. The declaration urges: “Complete and sustainable ceasefire” He stresses that only a just and comprehensive solution to the Palestinian issue can achieve lasting peace in the Middle East.

Fair Trade

The Astana Declaration calls for: “Open, transparent, fair, inclusive, non-discriminatory and multilateral” International trade system. SCO members reject protectionism, unilateral sanctions and other trade restrictions.

Unilateral sanctions in particular “contrary to the principles of international law” The document stressed that these practices could harm third parties and international trade as a whole.

SCO leaders urge increased use of national currencies and development of innovative payment systems to facilitate trade.

Members also aim to harmonize and integrate e-commerce infrastructure with other parts of the digital economy, while working together to combat economic monopoly.

sustainable development

The document includes a long list of areas, from atomic energy to tourism, health care to waste management, in which SCO countries cooperate. It also lists specific initiatives and documents that govern their joint efforts.

The organization is currently focusing on promoting sustainable development, which will provide economic growth and environmental protection. The declaration calls for the transfer of relevant green technologies to developing countries.

He stressed that the shift away from fossil fuels should be balanced and take into account the interests of energy producers and consumers.


Source link

Related Articles

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Back to top button