Khartoum- “Tensions are rising between the Sudanese government and the Government Development Authority.”intergovernmental organization for development“Because of her handling of the crisis he was going through. Sudan Due to the ongoing war between armies and armiesrapid support force.
and you look Khartoum The regional organization has been under suspicion since its summit on December 9, when the Ministry of Foreign Affairs accused the IGAD secretariat of ignoring important opinions raised by the Sudanese delegation.
She explained that the delegation informed the Secretariat that it had fundamental reservations about the draft final statement for the summit, noting unjustified insertions of paragraphs and “flawed wording” in what was agreed on some important issues.
The delegation asked her to correct her statement regarding the approval of the Chairperson of the Transitional Sovereignty Council Abdel Fattah Burhan Meeting with Rapid Support Force Commander Mohammed Hamdan Dagalo.my praiseTo convene the meeting, Burhan stipulated that a permanent ceasefire should be established and that “rebel” forces should leave the capital and gather outside the capital, but this was not mentioned in the statement.
The Ministry of Foreign Affairs confirmed that the form of the statement lacked compatibility and was not a legal document of IGAD.
The Sudanese Foreign Ministry's response to rejecting IGAD's invitation to discuss a ceasefire was consistent with Burhan's speech (in Jebet) and disappointed Sudanese hopes for an end to the war. Those who ignited it will not try to stop it or spare the blood and precious lives of Sudanese people in order to return…
— Suleiman Sandal Hakar (@SuleimanSandal) January 14, 2024
Khartoum is angry
Meanwhile, IGAD has set a date for the meeting between the two generals as December 28 Djibouti Sponsored by host country President Ismail Omar Guelleh, who chairs the organization.
According to reliable sources who spoke to Al Jazeera, Hemeti told his generation that he would not meet Burhan unless all leaders were present, and that the meeting was not limited to his generation, but also to the IGAD Secretariat Will attend. Khartoum was not notified of Hemeti's request, spoke only of “technical” reasons that prevented the meeting, and asked Burhan at the last minute to cancel his trip to Djibouti.
The source, who spoke on condition of anonymity, said government circles were concerned about Hemeti's sudden appearance in… Uganda The meeting with Burhan came on the same day as Burhan dismissed what Djibouti's foreign ministry said was the case for technical obstacles.
The Sudanese government has also become increasingly suspicious of IGAD's role in the crisis, as most of the group's heads of state received Hemeti with official decorum and celebrated his visit despite the government's return of him. Category: “militia leader who rebelled against the state”. and committed horrific violations against citizens. “
Last week, IGAD called for a special emergency summit in Uganda next Thursday to discuss the situation in Sudan and… Ethiopia andsomaliaA formal invitation was sent to Burhan and Hemeti in an attempt to put them at a table to prevent the war.
However, the Sudanese government decided to formally boycott the summit and stated in a statement issued by the Sovereign Council that IGAD has not committed to implementing the results of the last Djibouti summit through Burhan and Hemeti, nor has it made any efforts to cancel last year’s summit. The meeting on December 28 provided a compelling case.
The Security Council reiterated that what is happening in Sudan is an internal matter and that responding to regional initiatives does not mean Sudan gives up its sovereignty to resolve the country's problems.
Sudan's Ministry of Foreign Affairs condemned Igad Hemeti's invitation to attend the Uganda summit, saying in a statement that the move was a blatant violation of the agreement establishing the organization and all working rules of international organizations and “a blatant disregard for genocide, Victims of ethnic cleansing, sexual violence and all atrocities committed by gangs.” Janjaweed in different parts of the country,” according to the statement's text.
Burhan’s apology to the IGAD summit in Uganda is a valid stance as most IGAD countries have blackmail and prejudice against Sudan. Burhan must abide by the Jeddah Platform and the May 11 Agreement, a pillar he signed and promised to leave his homes and civilian facilities. He insisted on implementing it before taking any other steps.
— Mubarak Elmahdi (@mubarak_elmahdi) January 14, 2024
Sudan's Ministry of Foreign Affairs stated that IGAD is an “organization composed of sovereign national governments whose goal is to strengthen regional peace and security and achieve the integration of its member states, in which there is no place for terrorists and criminal groups.”
According to the same source, it announced that Sudan’s options for IGAD remain open as it insists on denying its fundamental institutions and the demands of international law and accepts that it will become a tool for plotting against Sudan and its people.
According to observers, Hemeti succeeded in suppressing the IGAD system in favor of documents he had arranged to establish that he was fighting “isolated remnants of the Islamic regime” and that he was not waging a war. War against the military has legitimacy. And it stands in his way, so he has to defend himself while not denying the guilt of those with ties to supporters. Violations are occurring rapidly, and he is working to surround and punish them. He also constantly proposed the vision of stopping the war and conducting negotiations to the leaders of the visiting countries.
Diplomat Al-Obaid Marawah, a former spokesman for the Sudanese Ministry of Foreign Affairs, believes that the main reason for the tension between the Sudanese authorities and IGAD is Khartoum’s growing belief that the group is trying to impose specific political policy. The Khartoum agenda is instigated by regional and international powers.
He told Al Jazeera Network that the press conference held by the four leaders of IGAD at the beginning of the war and the challenge to the legitimacy of the leaders sudanese armyThe most prominent physical evidence of the group’s “custody attempt” to impose itself on Sudan’s reality.
I received an invitation from the Secretariat of the Intergovernmental Organization for Development to attend the 42nd Special Session of the IGAD Council of Heads of State and Government held in Entebbe, Uganda, on January 18.
In line with our firm position in favor of a once and for all comprehensive peace settlement…
— Mohamed Hamdan Dagllo (@GeneralDagllo) January 13, 2024
The Sudanese diplomat added that authorities believed “preventing United Arab Emirates Implicit support for the Rapid Support Forces has cast a shadow on the position of some IGAD countries, and has shifted them from neutrality to alignment with rebel forces through a public relations campaign explicitly led by the UAE, which sent its foreign minister to attend the recent meeting in Djibouti IGAD summit held.
He noted that Sudanese diplomacy attempted to correct the position of some countries that sided with Hemeti and reminded their leaders that adhering to the organization's charter would protect them from negative and blatant interference in Sudan's internal affairs, but these efforts had not withstood. lure. According to him, this is the reason for money, hence the decision to boycott the expected summit next Thursday.
He believes the situation could escalate further, especially if the upcoming summit allows rapid support commanders to attend or speak even outside official conference rooms.
Marawa continued, “If this happens, Sudan will freeze its membership in IGAD, declare that it will not cooperate with it, will not recognize its decisions, and will reserve the right to withdraw from IGAD membership entirely.”
Political analyst Jamil Fadhil believes that Hemeti's sudden appearance disrupted the plans of the head of the government, in addition to his fierce diplomatic moves, protocol receptions in almost all IGAD capitals, and his major political breakthroughs. Foreign countries tend to stop the war by signing a “progressive” agreement with the civil power alliance.
According to Gemayel, the scene depicts Burhan losing some regional space and important political land across the continent, while Hemeti's power is expanding into war zones, which could create additional isolation for the government and push its development along the path of open confrontation with the entire international community, not just IGAD.